Acne Scars

What are the causes of acne scars?

The first step to minimise and prevent acne scarring is to understand what causes acne.

For acne vulgaris sufferers, they suffer up to 10% to 15% chance of permanent acne scarring due to severe acne and delay in medical treatment. Cystic acne develops to severe levels and bad habits of picking on acne will make it worse. Early detection and medical treatment prevents permanent scarring because of reduction of inflammatory bumps, leading to less damage on the epidermis.

Appropriate acne scar treatment is always based on the causes of acne, as well as identifying the scar type to specifically target them.

Acne Scars

What are the most common type of acne scars?

Acne is the phenomenon of an inflamed tissue on the epidermis and multiple layers underneath, depending on its severity. Ice pick, boxcar and rolling scars are some of the most commonly treated types of acne scars. Usual affected areas are the forehead, temples, cheeks, nose, jawline and back. The scale of scarring are individualised.

What are the most common type of acne scars?

Ice Pick Scars
What are Ice Pick Scars?
The few characteristics are wider openings than the base of the scar, shaped like a ‘V’. It can be narrow and deep, penetrating to the fatty layer of the skin. Laser resurfaces these ice-pick scars and it will not provide good results due to its depth.
Boxcar Scars
What are Boxcar Scars?
Wider than ice-pick scars, it has a flat bases and vertical edges. It is shallower and commonly show up on the temples and cheeks.
Rolling Scars
What are Rolling Scars?
It has a “rolling” appearance due to the bands of scar tissue pulling the skin towards the fatty layer.
Brown/Pigmented Acne Marks/Scars
What are Brown/Pigmented Acne Marks/Scars?
Brown acne scars are caused by inflammation and can be identified by a darkened tone of skin surrounding the past inflamed site, commonly in darker skin tone individuals. These are known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), with some stubborn spots. Although prescription lightening creams may help, laser treatments might be more effective for resistant bumps. Sunblock is recommended to protect the skin from further damage.
Red Acne Marks/Scars
What are Red Acne Marks/Scars?
Red acne scars persist after an outbreak and red discolouration patches appear because of an automatic inflammatory response. Known as post-inflammatory erythema (PIE), people with a lighter skin tone are more prone to this.
The guide to better treatment.

The scale of skin damage and acne scar causation differs for each individual because of distinctive distribution, depth and pattern of scarring. While one individual can suffer from keloids and red acne marks on their back and chest, others might suffer from multiple other combinations on the same affected area.

Treatments factor in skin quality, colour as well as medical history of allergens and triggers to specialise and target specific scar tissue types to promote the best results.

Laser treatments for acne
Laser treatments for acne.

Laser and acne treatments are effective, safe and affordable to target acne marks, blemishes and skin discolourations that appear after an outbreak. They take the form of dark marks, known as pigmented acne scars or red acne marks.

Pigmented acne scars are a result of built-up melanin while red acne scars are due to inflammation of blood vessels at the affected area. They take several months to heal on their own, therefore laser treatments speeds up the healing process by using a special wavelength to accurately target them.

The first step of these treatments are to focus on minimising active acne sites then reduce inflammation with maintenance treatments and treating them when they are finally stabilised.

Laser treatment for pigmented acne scars
Laser treatment for pigmented acne scars.

Brown blemishes appear as the acne heals, and this phenomenon is coined the post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). It is common amongst darker skinned individuals. It requires at least 9 to 12 months to heal by itself, but it involves you protecting your skin from UV damage. Lightening creams may be effective but it doesn’t yield results as fast as laser treatment for deep-layer pigmentation.

The Laser Pigment Removal is the most holistic treatment to target the melanin, thus reducing the appearance of pigmentation over time. Multiple treatments are needed to yield the best results.

Laser treatment for red acne scars
Laser treatment for red acne scars.

It’s distinctive characteristic is the appearance of a flat pink to red mark on the skin’s surface. Known as the post-inflammatory erythema (PIE), it is caused by an increase of blood vessel supply to the affected site and takes several months to fade away on its own.

One Doc’s treatment uses our signature One Doc Medical Laser Facial to combat the haemoglobin within the affected site. It reduces the blood vessel supply and clears the redness quicker.

Is it safe on dark skin?

For each dermatological condition, there are specific lasers to cater to it. The wavelength differs to ensure that the surrounding skin damage is minimised.

It is 100% safe to use on all skin types, even on darker tones. However, sun protection with regular sunblock use is recommended when committing to a laser program.

Is it safe on dark skin

How many treatment sessions before visible results?

Dependant on each individual’s scar and skin type as well as healing capacity. Usually 5 to 10 treatments are needed to yield the best results, as it is important to treat existing acne causes to reduce the appearance of acne scars.

How many treatment sessions before visible results

Before & After

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