The first step to minimise and prevent acne scarring is to understand what causes acne.
For acne vulgaris sufferers, they suffer up to 10% to 15% chance of permanent acne scarring due to severe acne and delay in medical treatment. Cystic acne develops to severe levels and bad habits of picking on acne will make it worse. Early detection and medical treatment prevents permanent scarring because of reduction of inflammatory bumps, leading to less damage on the epidermis.
Appropriate acne scar treatment is always based on the causes of acne, as well as identifying the scar type to specifically target them.
Acne is the phenomenon of an inflamed tissue on the epidermis and multiple layers underneath, depending on its severity. Ice pick, boxcar and rolling scars are some of the most commonly treated types of acne scars. Usual affected areas are the forehead, temples, cheeks, nose, jawline and back. The scale of scarring are individualised.
Laser and acne treatments are effective, safe and affordable to target acne marks, blemishes and skin discolourations that appear after an outbreak. They take the form of dark marks, known as pigmented acne scars or red acne marks.
Pigmented acne scars are a result of built-up melanin while red acne scars are due to inflammation of blood vessels at the affected area. They take several months to heal on their own, therefore laser treatments speeds up the healing process by using a special wavelength to accurately target them.
The first step of these treatments are to focus on minimising active acne sites then reduce inflammation with maintenance treatments and treating them when they are finally stabilised.
Brown blemishes appear as the acne heals, and this phenomenon is coined the post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). It is common amongst darker skinned individuals. It requires at least 9 to 12 months to heal by itself, but it involves you protecting your skin from UV damage. Lightening creams may be effective but it doesn’t yield results as fast as laser treatment for deep-layer pigmentation.
The Laser Pigment Removal is the most holistic treatment to target the melanin, thus reducing the appearance of pigmentation over time. Multiple treatments are needed to yield the best results.
It’s distinctive characteristic is the appearance of a flat pink to red mark on the skin’s surface. Known as the post-inflammatory erythema (PIE), it is caused by an increase of blood vessel supply to the affected site and takes several months to fade away on its own.
One Doc’s treatment uses our signature One Doc Medical Laser Facial to combat the haemoglobin within the affected site. It reduces the blood vessel supply and clears the redness quicker.
Is it safe on dark skin?
For each dermatological condition, there are specific lasers to cater to it. The wavelength differs to ensure that the surrounding skin damage is minimised.
It is 100% safe to use on all skin types, even on darker tones. However, sun protection with regular sunblock use is recommended when committing to a laser program.
How many treatment sessions before visible results?
Dependant on each individual’s scar and skin type as well as healing capacity. Usually 5 to 10 treatments are needed to yield the best results, as it is important to treat existing acne causes to reduce the appearance of acne scars.